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Author Guidelines

Submitting manuscripts in the correct format will expedite the review process and prevent undue delay in publication. The Publisher reserves the right to return manuscripts that are not prepared in accordance with the specified submission guidelines. For further formatting and referencing aid, please consult The APA Style (

Manuscripts must be original and must not have been previously published or be under concurrent consideration elsewhere. The Journal will accept submissions in masked (blind) review format only; authors should ensure that, other than the title page, the manuscript itself contains no clues to their identities. Manuscripts written in either English or Bahasa Melayu are welcomed. A manuscript should contain between 6000-9000 words in length.

Authors should prepare their manuscripts according to the guidelines provided. Manuscripts that are not prepared according to these guidelines may be returned for revision prior to any editorial consideration.

Please download the template for manuscript preparation here.

Submission Preparation Checklist

All submissions must meet the following requirements.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.


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