Copyright Policy – For all articles published in MINDEN: Journal of History and Archaeology, copyright is retained by the authors. All articles in the Journal are published open access under Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY 4.0). The works are released under a Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY 4.0), which provides unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original work is properly cited. Users have the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full text of articles in this Journal and to use them for any other lawful purpose.

Open Access Policy – MINDEN: Journal of History and Archaeology is open access journal. All articles are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY). All articles are freely available to read, share and download. In accordance with publication ethics and best practice of scholarly publishing, authors and journal must be properly credited. All articles are accessible via the Journal’s website.

Publication Ethics – The MINDEN: Journal of History and Archaeology adheres to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) standards on publication ethics. Submission of an article implies that:

o The work described has not been published previously except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis.

o That it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

o That its submission and publication in the journal is known and approved by all Authors.

o The work is the Author’s own and there are no falsification or fabrication of data, plagiarism including duplicate publications of the authors’ own work without proper citation and misappropriation of.

Any cases of ethical misconduct are treated very seriously and will be dealt with using the guidelines issued by the COPE. For further details please visit:

Code of Conduct for Journal Editors

Core Practices


Content Originality and Plagiarism – Authors are responsible to submit contents which are original, and for other works which have been referred to in the research, proper citations must be made to the referred works. All articles submitted to the Journal are subject to plagiarism check using plagiarism detection software. If plagiarism is identified, the COPE guidelines on plagiarism will be followed.

Peer Review – This Journal practices double-blind peer review. At all stages of the review process, until the decision to accept has been taken, authors' and reviewers' identities are concealed from each other.

The Editorial Board may exercise their prerogative to reject a manuscript without peer review if that manuscript is judged to be outside the scope of the Journal, poorly written or formatted, or lacking significance.

Reviewers are matched to the manuscript according to their expertise. They are selected from the Journal’s reviewers’ data bank. If a manuscript is found to be of suitable quality and meets the aims and scope of the Journal, it will then be sent to at least two reviewers. The reviewers selected by the Editor may, of course, not necessarily be from the data bank. The Journal also welcomes suggestions for reviewers from authors, though these recommendations may or may not be used.

After receiving a request for peer review, reviewers must respond in a timely fashion, particularly if they cannot do the review, to avoid unnecessarily delaying the process. Reviewers are tasked to evaluate a manuscript for its originality and significance of contribution, subject relevancy, appropriate coverage of existing literature, the presentation of methodology, results and interpretation, and manuscript organisation. Reviewers are also required to provide anonymous comments to the author and confidential comments to the Editor.

Typically, the review process will take three to four months. Should there be any delay, the Journal will promptly alert the reviewers. For any contradicting reports, the Journal will seek further expert opinion. A revised manuscript may be returned to the initial reviewers. Where manuscript revision is required, authors are urged to ensure that the necessary corrections are made before the manuscript can be accepted for production. Authors will be notified of the decision made by the Editor.

License – All articles published in MINDEN: Journal of History and Archaeology are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which under the following terms:

o Attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.

o No additional restrictions – You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.

You are free to:

o Share – copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.

o Adapt – remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.