Author's Guidelines

1. Manuscript Submission 

Submissions of an article imply that the work has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis) and that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts should be submitted through the OJS online submission system. This will facilitate the submission and peer-review process. Authors must first register at 

All manuscripts must adhere to the stipulated format to expedite the review process and prevent undue delay in publication. The publisher reserves the right to return manuscripts that are not prepared in accordance with the submission guidelines. 

2. Manuscript Preparation: 

i) Title Page 

Submission must include a title page with: 

  • Only the full title of the manuscript, author’s affiliation, email address and institutional address.  
  • Biography or short profile of author (150–200 words).  
  • Abstract (250–300 words). A list of keywords (up to five keywords).

ii)Preparation of Text 

Manuscripts must be prepared using Microsoft Word and typed using 12 pt (Times New Roman) and 1.5 spacing. Full-length article submissions should be approximately 6,000-8,000 words. The manuscript should be in British English, and the reference format adheres to the APA (American Psychological Association, 7th edition) style.  

Download Manuscript Template

Authors are to check for the accuracy of language before submitting it to the journal. The Editorial Board will not edit submitted manuscripts for style or language.  

iii) Authorship and Affiliations  

Authors should confirm that all persons designated as authors qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify are listed. Please provide the affiliation of each author and complete mailing address. Please designate the corresponding author with an asterisk (*). 

iv) Abstract and Keywords 

The abstract should be between 250–300 words. The abstract should give a clear, concise and informative summary. Provide five specific and suitable keywords related to the manuscript. 

v) Acknowledgement 

Acknowledgement is meant for the author to express appreciation to people involved in the research and preparation of the manuscript. All contributors who do not meet the authorship criteria should be listed in ‘Acknowledgement’. Acknowledgement should also include the source of funding.  

vi) Images, Illustrations, Tables, Photos and Other Supplementary Materials 

Each author is responsible for acquiring the copyright of complimentary materials and providing a letter of permission from the appropriate party (for instance, institution, publisher, person, archives, etc.) and to attach relevant documents together with the submission of the manuscript. Submission without copyright approval will not be considered for publication. Illustrations should be submitted as separate digital files, not embedded in the text. The files should follow these guidelines: • 300 dpi or higher in pixel size. • Sized to fit on the page with measurement of 15.2 cm (5 in) × 21.5 cm (7.5in). • JPEG, TIFF or EPS format only 

3. Copyright Policy 

Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to transfer copyright. This transfer will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. An email will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript.

Download Copyright Transfer Form  
4. Language Policy 

Manuscripts should be clearly and concisely written in standard Bahasa Malaysia or English (UK). It is the author's responsibility to ensure that the quality of the language is not compromised. Manuscripts written in Bahasa Malaysia must also submit Title, Abstract, Keywords and References in English. 

5. Publication Charges 

There is no submission charges or article processing charges (APC).